Gynaecology or gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts. Literally, the term means "the science of women". Its counterpart is andrology, which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system.

Gynaecology normally means treating women who aren’t pregnant.

What work does a Gynaecologist specialise in?

Gynaecologists have also been trained in obstetrics (pregnancy and childbirth) but their main concern is the care of women's health in general, especially in relation to the female reproductive system - dealing with issues ranging from menstruation and fertility to sexually transmitted diseases and hormone disorders.

What do gynaecologists do?

Gynaecologists use a range of surgical and medical procedures. Gynaecological procedures include:

  • Laparoscopy: the diagnosis and removal of cysts and infections from the ovaries and fallopian tubes
  • Cone biopsies: the removal unhealthy cells from the cervix to prevent cervical cancer
  • Hysterectomies: the removal of a woman’s uterus

Gynaecologists and Obstetricians specialists such as urologists, who treat bladder problems, and endocrinologists, who deal with hormone production.

Diseases Treated:

Examples of conditions dealt with by a gynaecologist are:

  • Cancer and pre-cancerous diseases of the reproductive organs including ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, and vulva
  • Incontinence of urine
  • Amenorrhoea (absent menstrual periods)
  • Dysmenorrhoea (painful menstrual periods)
  • Infertility
  • Menorrhagia (heavy menstrual periods); a common indication for hysterectomy
  • Prolapse of pelvic organs
  • Infections of the vagina (vaginitis), cervix and uterus (including fungal , bacterial , viral, and protozoal)
  • Other vaginal diseases